The coffee plantation in Parana came to be in the 1930’s and had its expansion in the 1950’s. Many cities such as Londrina, Maringa and Campo Mourao, emerged along with the arrival of the coffee. In the 60’s coffee reached 1,800,000 hectares planted in the state.
Today this number has reached 156,000,000 hectares. Currently the agricultural products most grown in Parana are soy and flour, but coffee is still present in approximately 210 counties and is responsible for 3.2% of the Paranaense agricultural income.
Approximately 76 thousand people have direct employment in the culture. In addition to the production, another sector that also employs is the instant coffee industry. The two largest instant coffee exporting industries in the country are, Companhia Cacique de Café Soluvel and Cia. Iguacu de Café Soluvel. Both companies are located in this state.
The growing areas are very extensive mainly because of the great variety of altitudes. The average altitude is approximately 650 meters in the region of Arenito near Rio Parana. Rio Parana’s altitude is 350 meters and in the region of Apucarana it reaches 900 meters. The state grows the Arabica specie and the predominant varieties are Mundo Novo and Catuai.
The state of Parana does not need irrigation because its hydric deficit is not very high. Only in the region of Arenito where the climate is warmer could the use of technology help enhance the size of the beans. Machinery is utilized very little in the farms in Parana.
Two reasons that explain this are, first, the hilly terrains and, second, the predominance of small growers. A reaction to this labor work caused the adoption of the dense system of the planting, which also protects the farms from the frost.
Another factor that is different in the farms in Parana is the selective harvest. This technique is used in Colombia consisting of the harvesting only of the ripe fruits and increasing the quality of the product. Therefore there is a need for more labor work because the same coffee tree is harvested more than once.
The North Pioneer of Parana (O Norte Pioneiro do Parana)
This was considered the gateway for the colonialization of the northern part of this state. Established in 1890, new ways of economic development and progress came to be in this important Brazilian agricultural region.
Many cities of Parana were born from the coffee culture such as Jacarezinho, Cornelio Procopio, Londrina and Maringa.
After the decree of the Treaty of Taubute prohibiting the developing of new areas of coffee production in the state of Sao Paulo, there was a new beginning of coffee culture in the richest Paranaense soil.
The state was able to produce approximately 22 million sacks of coffee between the decades of the 50’s and 70’s, having been the main world producer of this Rubiacea, , combining soils of the volcanic origins of the highest natural fertility with a mild climate as well as evenly distributed rains throughout the year.
Nowadays ,The North Pioneiro of Parana produces 50% of the state’s coffee, not having the most quantity as its highlight, but having a great potential for the special coffee production both certified and sustainable.
Description of the Region
Number of producers (growers) – 7,500
Plantation Area – 81.874 hectares (202 acres)
Arabic – 100%
Average Production – 28 sacks/ hectare
Annual Average Temperature – 19 C to 21 C
Total Production – 2.2 million sacks
Photo of Paraná