Situated in the Northeast of the state of Sao Paulo, Mogiana is a traditional region in the coffee cultivation for over 200 years. An Arabica producer in sandy soil with an altitude between 900 and 1,000 meters and a very mild annual average temperature (20 C), the area is known for its full bodied coffees, fruity flavored and having a natural sweetness.
These coffees are also known for their balance between sweetness and acidity. The Mogiana region is characterized for its excellence in the production of special coffees and is famous worldwide for its high quality.
One of the most traditional coffee producing regions of the state of Sao Paulo, Mogiana has Franca, Cristais Paulista, Jeriquara, Pedregulho, Rifaina, Itirapua, Patrocinio Paulista, Sao Jose da Bela Vista, Altinopolis, Batatais and Restinga as the main producing cities.
All of these cities developed from the coffee production and even now the product still has a great influence in the local economy, occupying 47,000 hectares of the cultivated area.
Producing only coffees of the Arabica species, the most cultivated varieties are Catuai and Mundo Novo. Mogiana is one of the few regions in Brazil that produce more fine coffees which are known for being softer coffees. However, producers also have harder coffees.
With a medium fertile soil, fertilizing is a necessity for the farms in Mogiana. The producers also use machinery, which is possible due to the virtue of the region’s topography and having less accentuated relief. Machine harvesting has grown a lot among the producers.
As for irrigation, there is not a great investment on behalf of the growers. Besides droughts and frost, which occasionally affect the region, the growers still undergo problems like the plague attacks , the greatest incidence being the “bicho mineiro”. Although the successive years of control have diminished the plague population remarkably , still it is a concern. Other than “bicho mineiro”, another present plague in the Mogiana region is the “buzzer”.
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