Sul de Minas /South of Minas
Coffee from the south of Minas Gerais . Its prodigious production has placed this part of Brazil on the international map as the main coffee producer of coffee in the world.
Curiously, this region is the greatest producer in the world! The greatest number of coffee trees planted per square meter are found in this region. Its high altitude and average annual temperature facilitates the production of bodied coffees, such as acidic flavors, smoothly citrus and with fruity aromas.
The city of Pocos de Caldas calls my attention, as it has been constructed over a crater of an extinct volcano (which probably never erupts), but this peculiarity provides an excellent terroir for coffee. In this area we find many coffees of the variety “Bourbon Amarelo”.
We also found a good quantity of “Fox Bean” (green coffee bean covered with a very sweet brown skin), very common in the mountains of Pocos.
Most cultivated varieties coffees
Predominance of Catuai and Mundo Novo, but there is also a great presence of Icatu, Obata and Catuai Rubi
Medium altitude: 950m
Characteristic: has some acidity
Some producing cities:
Varginha,Pouso Alegre, Passos, Itajuba, Sao sebastião do Paraíso, Santa Rita do Sapucaí, Andradas, Alfenas, Paraguacú, Três Coracoes, Três Pontas, Fama, Muzambinho and Guaxupe
Photos of Sul de Minas
Mantiqueira de Minas- Carmo de Minas
With the long ongoing tradition of the production of quality coffees, today Mantiqueira de Minas is one of the most prized regions of Brazil. In 2011 it was recognized as a geographical indicator (IG), in the modality Indication of Origin (IP), for its tradition and world reputation in producing coffees of high quality.
Composed of small growers, for the main part, this region distinguishes itself from others with the unique characteristics of the territory.
Data of the region:
Localization: South of the state of Minas Gerais
Producers’ profile: Small, for the most part (89%)
Producing area: 69,500 hectares
Annual Production: 1,340,000 sacks/60kg
Geographically protected as indicated
Home Page – http://www.carmocoffees.com.br
Photo of Mantiqueira
Chapada de Minas
The region of Chapada de Minas unites around 2,500 producers from 22 counties in the Vale do Jequitinhonha and Mucuri. And one of them is Capelinha (33,000 inhabitants).
Situated in the northeast of Minas, Vale do Jequitinhonha is remembered often for its bareness. Despite still being one of the poorest regions in Minas Gerais, for years there have been programs developed transforming the local conditions continuously.
This awareness of the coming wealth from both the precariousness as well as the abundance of the Vale has allowed the emergence of the area.
The newest frontier of Minas Gerais, explored for the coffee plantation, is Chapada de Minas (Jequetinhonha) where the city of Capelinha is located and concentrates an important part of the local production.
Different from Cerrado, in the Chapada region people from other parts of the state are the ones who work with coffee.
The Chapada region is already responsible for 8.4% of the coffee produced in the state of Minas Gerais and is in steady expansion.
Photo of Chapada de Minas
Matas de Minas
The Matas de Minas Region is a specialty coffee origin producer composed by 63 municipalities located in an area of Brazilian Atlantic Forest in the east of Minas Gerais State of Brazil.
The production is naturally sustainable, predominantly made up of family farming and impacted by direct and indirect economic and social factors in combination with the use of modern technology.
Altitude: The coffee is grown on mountain Farms with altitudes ranging from 600 and 1200 meters.
Flavor: Sweet and citric with caramel and chocolate.
Aroma: Intense, with floral and citrus notes.
Body: Medium to full bodied.
Acidity: Delicate and balanced.
Home Page – http://www.matasdeminas.org.br/eng
Photo da Mata de Minas
The Cerrado Mineiro Region is the first source producing coffee demarcated in Brazil, according to the decree of the Government of Minas Gerais, since April 1995, was also the first Geographical Indication coffee granted in the country.
There are 55 municipalities covered, located in Alto Parnaíba, Mineiro Triangle and Northwest Minas Gerais, presenting uniform edafoclimático pattern: average of 23º C, the relief is flat with altitude ranging from 800-1300 meters, which enables the production of high quality coffee .
The basic features of the Cerrado Mineiro Region of coffee drink are: intense aroma with aromatic notes of caramel and nuts; delicate citrus acidity, reminding orange; full-bodied drink with chocolatey finish long lasting.
The Federation of Coffee Growers Cerrado, is 3,500 (three thousand five hundred) farmers in the geographic area of the Cerrado Mineiro region; aims to promote sustainable regional coffee in his three aspects: social, environmental and economic.
It is the organization that brings together seven associations, nine Cooperatives and Development Foundation, NGO and certification of the origin and quality of coffee in this region.
It is manager and representative of the Geographical Indication region of Cerrado Mineiro, also being the body responsible for coordinating the institutional marketing activities in the region and the certification programs: Origin & Quality.
Has several agreements with domestic and international institutions in order to develop training programs to farmers of the Cerrado Mineiro through the affiliated associations and cooperatives in order to meet the requirements of Food Safety, Environmental and Social Responsibility, that the market demands.
Home Page – http://cerradomineiro.org
Photo of Cerrado Mineiro