To talk about the history of coffee in Espirito Santo is like talking about the history of the state itself because the cultivation and the commercialization of the product determine not only the prevailing economy as well as having deep roots in the cultural Capixaba identity.
Coffee is the main agricultural activity in generating income and also generating jobs. This production in the agro-business is present in Espirito Santo since the time of the Empire in Brazil.
At that time there were large farms that belonged to the Portuguese who produced coffees in the mountains using slave labor. However, with the slave abolition, these farms were abandoned in 1892.
At that point predominantly Italian and German immigrants came looking for land, seeking clear openings in the woods where there were semi abandoned coffee farms.
They then purchased parts of these semi abandoned farms and continued their cultivation. That was how coffee cultivation began in this region and even today it retains strong traces of these immigrant’s cultures, mainly their community and progressive spirit.
In this region, small farms are predominant with family basis that have as their main characteristic the presence of participating farmers with cultural identity and traditional knowledge.
They have always sought a better quality of life. A remarkable characteristic is the presence of the family living in the farms, having as the main focus the single activity…agriculture.
Description of the Region:
Coffee from Espirito Santo (Arabica)
Varieties of most cultivated coffees
Mundo Novo and Catuai
Number of producers- 10,000
Planted area-460,193 hectares
Average altitude- 700 to 1000 meters