The coffee of the West region of Bahia appeared in the mid 1990’s when a Portuguese coffee farmer, with a extensive experience in the irrigated production in Angola, believed that the Arabica coffee would be successful in the local conditions.
Aside from this story of discovery, the activity today concentrates 15,000 irrigated hectares among a group of 36 growers.
The region is located in the extreme west of Bahia whose county producers make a division with the states of Tocantins, Goias and Minas Gerais having Barreiras, Luis Eduardo Magalhaes, Sao Desiderio and Cocos mainly. The profile of these production areas is easily identified because they are in the Cerrado region with a totally plain relief and a peculiar edaphoclimatic condition.
The temperature presents little annual variation, with average of about 23C, high sun levels, and average height of 800 meters. Rain accumulation of 1,500mm is concentrated between the months of October and April, allowing harvest without rains.
As a result the productivity of Arabica coffee in the West region of Bahia has an average of 45 sacks/hec. This number is the outcome of the farming being 100% irrigated and, along with high technological standards of production, large machinery is used in the plantation.
Good management also yields very good success. To be able to follow this type of production there is a grower’s entrepreneur profile. The major part of the coffee growers from other Brazilian regions inherited successful experiences that broadened horizons for this recent coffee plantation.
This way the differentials of the region interact with the use of high technology and machinery with regular producers and good volumes of coffee obtained in a very well defined geographical region. Competent producers have adapted to innovations that help configure the coffee plantation of the West of Bahia.
The value for the coffee market of the region is the profile of the coffee drink with smooth and fruity patterns, good sweetness and low acidity, as well as the security in commercializing while facing the low risks involved in the production.
Description of the Region:
Number of producers-1,000
Planted Area-139,550 hectares
Average productivity- 16.5 sacks/hectare
Average annual temperature-31
Total Productivity- 2,300,000 sacks
Home Page – http://www.abacafe.org.br
Photo of Cerrado Bahiano